Help Me Choose:
What is it?
Dandruff remains a mystery and there is no commonly agreed upon theory about what actually causes dandruff. Hormones may play a role in dandruff and since it seems to run in families, genetics may be a factor.
While a dry scalp can cause flakes, dry scalp and dandruff are not the same things. We know that true dandruff is not caused by a "dry scalp," because people with oily scalps tend to suffer from dandruff the most.
Since the treatments for dry scalp versus dandruff differ, it is important to learn to tell the difference between the two. A quick look at the flakes may give you the answer. If you are suffering from dry scalp, the flakes are smaller in size, have a whitish in color and fall off the hair and scalp easily. Dandruff flakes are larger and due to the oil content have yellowish tint and tend to stick to the hair and do not fall off the scalp as easily.
Symptoms of Dandruff
What to Look For
The symptoms of dandruff are easy to spot--white flakes of dead skin that are visible your hair and shoulders. The scalp may also be red and feel irritated and itchy.
Symptoms Vary Depending on the Cause
- Contact dermatitis: This is a skin inflammation that occurs when the skin comes in contact with a substance that is an allergen or irritant. Ingredients in harsh detergent shampoos, hair care products or hair dyes can often cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp.
- Infrequent Shampooing: How often you need to wash your hair varies from person to person. For some, infrequent shampooing allows hair oils and dead skin cells to build up, which results in flaking or dandruff.
- Seborrheic dermatitis:This condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is a skin condition that causes white-to-yellow greasy scales to form on the scalp and may affect the ears, eyebrows, nose and other places rich in oil producing glands. If it occurs on the scalp in babies, it is called "cradle cap." While researcher don't know the exact cause, some believe it may be due to a yeast-like fungus called malassezia that is in the natural oil secretions on the skin and scalp.
- Malassezia (a fungus): Dried skin that flakes off the scalp is often caused by an overgrowth of a fungus called Malassezia. While Malassezia is a normal inhabitant on the scalp, for some, this yeast-like fungus grows out of control, irritates the scalp and causes excess skin cells to grow. As these extra skin cells are shed, you see the white flakes in your hair or on your clothes.
- Dry scalp: The flakes we see on our shoulders may not be dandruff, they may be due to a dry scalp. While dry skin flakes can be annoying, they are generally smaller and less oily and there is usually no redness or inflammation.
Treatment Varies Depending on the Cause
Contact Dermatitis: One of the causes of dandruff is actually, contact dermatitis--your scalp is experiencing an allergic or sensitivity reaction to a hair care product. Natural hair care products can help decrease the chance of contact dermatitis.
Grab your nearest bottle of shampoo and check out the ingredients. If your scalp reacts to any of the ingredients listed, the results could be hair loss, dandruff, dermatitis or an irritated scalp. For more information click here to read "Why Use Natural Shampoo Bars."
Dry Hair: Commercial shampoos, conditioners, and hair styling products are loaded with synthetic chemicals. Although detergent based shampoos will clean the hair and scalp well, they often cause over-drying which will make the condition worse. Read "Help Me Choose Products for Dry Hair."
Oily Hair: Oily hair, the result of overactive oil glands, can also be a problem. Excessive production of sebum can clog the hair roots and may cause excessive shedding, hair loss, and dandruff. Read "Help Me Choose Products for Oily Hair."
Neem & Tea Tree Oil
The ancient healing properties of Neem and Tea Tree Oils are well known. Neem oil has countless benefits for the hair and scalp. It is used to treat dry, itchy, irritated scalps, dandruff and other scalp problems. Tea tree oil has natural antibacterial and anti-fungal properties that are especially helpful in treating dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis caused by a yeast-like fungus called Malassezia.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Another popular treatment for dandruff is apple cider vinegar (ACV). ACV has natural antibacterial and antifungal properties that help treat a dry itchy scalp without harsh chemicals. ACV has a low pH due to malic acid. This creates an acidic environment that helps destroy seborrheic dermatitis causing fungus.
ACV also removes scaly build-up and residue from hair shafts to cleanse and clarify the hair and scalp without stripping the hair of its natural oils. As residue builds up on the scalp it can clog hair follicles which can lead to or exacerbate scalp issues.
Herbal Hair Tea Rinses
Herbal hair rinses have been used for centuries to treat scalp conditions. Our dandruff blend herbal hair rinse is designed to relieve flakiness and calm the itchy scalp. This blend of specially selected organic herbs and botanicals will help soothe the irritated and inflamed scalp from conditions such as dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
Things to Avoid
Many believe that drying out their oily scalp will help decrease dandruff. However, oily hair is actually made worse by drying shampoos. The chemicals in these products strip natural oils and dry out the scalp, which then encourages the oil glands to produce more oil. It becomes a vicious cycle.
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